Capacity building involves enhancing the capacities of grassroots activists and support groups at the local, regional, national and international levels, in order to advocate social justice and strengthen democratic alliances. People centred advocacy is possible only if the local level leaders have the capability and knowledge base to advocate for their communities. Capacity building is thus an action-oriented process of sharing and analyzing life experiences and building up one’s knowledge base. A crucial component of our capacity building programme involves conducting capacity building workshops for social justice activists, civil society organisations, social action groups, students, and media professionals. Modules are designed to enhance participants’ capacities in terms of knowledge, perspectives, and skills of people centred advocacy; it also serves to sensitize outside professionals, such as those in the media, on issues of discrimination, deprivation, and exclusion of poor and marginalised communities. NCAS has over the years created a niche in capacity building and knowledge management, especially on the themes of livelihood rights, environmental justice, and governance. Furthermore while NCAS is a leader in organising action at the national and state levels, it avoids overruling people’s leadership. To that extent, promotion of people-centric governance is a key strategy of capacity building, focusing on people centred advocacy.